Cervicitis is the most common disease of the female reproductive system, affecting half of all women at some point in their lives. Failure to treat cervicitis can lead to salpingitispelvic inflammatory disease, infertility due to the fallopian tube factor, ectopic pregnancy, and pelvic pain syndrome. In this context, early diagnosis and effective treatment of cervicitis could play a pivotal role in its management. Due to the prevalence of cervicitis, its complications, available treatments, simplicity of treatment, and cost-effectiveness of rose oil products, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of traditional Iranian rose oil on cervicitis.